Myslina J. JOYCE’S REDUCTIONIST DISCOURSE AS A PRINCIPLE FOR FORMING REALITY IN V. PELEVIN’S NOVEL “TRANSHUMANISM INC.” // Proceedings of Petrozavodsk State University. 2023. Vol. 45, No 4, P. 91–97. DOI: 10.15393/

Russian literature and literature of the peoples of the Russian Federation


Ju. N.
Vladimir State University named after A. G. and N. G. Stoletov
J. Joyce
V. Pelevin
reductionist discourse
split consciousness
multiple reality
Summary: The article examines the patterns of transformation of the idea of personalism in the 20th century, which led to the evolution of the philosophies of transhumanism and posthumanism in the 20–21 centuries. The purpose of the article is to discuss the degree of influence of Joyce’s reductionist discourse on the formation of the reality state in V. Pelevin’s novel “TRANSHUMANISM INC.”. The subject of the study is the change in the conception of the real- ity as imagined the beginning of the 20th century, at the time J. Joyce, into the intracerebral obsession of the person of the future, into “Homo overclocked”, as an episode of philosophical mindset, and the impact of this conception on the subsequent logic of reality in literature. The research problem is to determine the formation of specific transhumanism and posthumanism in the novel by V. Pelevin as a sequence of the literary strategies of J. Joyce. To achieve the goal, we solve the following tasks: 1) on the case of Joyce’s reception of Shakespeare and Pelevin’s processing of this reception, to show how the problem of the crisis of humanism was perceived not just as a problem of a general cultural decline, but as a way to search for a new paradigm of human, not reducible to the previous humanistic paradigm; 2) on the example of Pelevin’s reception of Joyce’s specific reductionist discourse as an experimental one, reducing a person to func- tions, to prove that Joyce introduced an anthropology, in which the human personality is multiple and combined in the modern multiple reality, and that now this concept includes virtual and programmable; 3) to show how Pelevin’s reduc- tion of Joyce’s epiphany, its algorithmization in the framework of postmodern writing strategies, modifies alternative personalities into depersonalized subjects and into “Homo overclocked”. The main research methods – comparative, historical-cultural contextualization and discourse analysis, allow us to prove Joyce’s reductionist discourse as a source of forming Pelevin’s post-humanistic perspective of multiple subjectivity.

Displays: 200; Downloads: 4;